Modernization and construction of the premises of the Faculty Hospital Trnava
The design of the urban planning solution is based on the solution for traffic management of the new hospital building, from the surrounding urban planning context buildings, from the requirements of individual medical and non-medical facilities and their logical continuity within the monoblock, from requirements of the spatial plan, from the known limits of the area and from the requirement for a simple and clear orientation of the patient (client hospital) both in the area of the hospital complex and inside the monoblock.
The surrounding development along Tamaškovičova Street consists mainly of high-rise blocks of either administrative or residential functions. The blocks have 5 – 8 floors. The next development in the west and south direction decreases in height, it is a family residential development home. The area is separated from the city center by a railway embankment, which is a distinct urban dividing line.
The main mass of the hospital consists of three seven-storey blocks (in terms of volume, the actual structure is explained below) with north-south orientations that grow from the two-story base that connects these blocks. The entire monoblock is connected by an underground floor, which is permeated by frequent atria and landscaping. Inside the two-story base, both outpatient clinic operations and
all “hot floors”, i.e. diagnostic, emergency, day surgery center, operating rooms, intensive care units, etc. In on the higher floors, which are already made up of individual blocks, the wards are located and on the highest floors administrative background of clinics. The highest 7th floor is used only in the western block, in the other blocks it is an external space hidden behind a high attic that covers the technical equipment on the roof of the buildings. The height of the blocks reaches 32 m, which is the height limit given by the spatial plan. The blocks are named X, Y, and Z for clarity. They are located in the western block of X, in the southern half all “mother-child” facilities, i.e. children’s department, gynecology, maternity ward, and neonatal intensive care unit. In the northern part of the block, which is furthest on the edge of the monobloc, the infection facilities are located. The central block of Y is the block of surgical disciplines and the eastern block of Z is the block of internal disciplines.
The north-south location of the blocks was chosen concerning uniform sun exposure of the spaces inside the blocks and to reduce cooling requirements for interior spaces (the southern facades are only full gable walls). The main entrance is located in the middle of the southern facade towards Tamašković Street. It is connected to the main entrance foyer with a central reception. A separate entrance is designed for the operation of the mother with child, also on the south side from the atrium between blocks X, Y. A separate side entrance is from the east side for ambulances and connects to the emergency department. A separate entrance is designed at the basement level for supply from the supply yard area.
Two side entrances are located on the west side. One is intended for hemodialysis patients and one – separate from of others – is the entrance to the infectious department. Between the main mass of the monoblock and Tamaškovičov Street is the mass of the parking building. The parking garage has a total of 7 above-ground and 1 underground floor. The underground and the first 5 above-ground floors are intended for parking. It is located on the last 2 above-ground floors of the administrative part and faculty headquarters HOSPITAL. The main transport connection of the new area is proposed from Tamaškovičova Street. This solution logically follows the location of the entrances to the monoblock building. The connection is designed from the nearest adjacent road and is fully following the city’s spatial plan Trnava. In addition, it gives the possibility of a logical and clear distribution of individual types of transport serving the university hospital.